Old Galactic Republic
Old Galactic Republic
Political Information
Type of GovernmentUnicameral Federal Democratic Republic
Founding DocumentGalactic Constitution
ConstitutionGalactic Constitution
Head of StateSupreme Chancellor
Commander-in-ChiefSupreme Commander
Executive BranchOffice of the Supreme Chancellor
Legislative BranchGalactic Senate
Judicial BranchGalactic Senate
Military BranchRepublic Military
Societal Information
  • Old Galactic Standard
  • Basic
  • CurrencyGalactic Credit Standard
    National HolidayRepublic Day
    Anthem"All Stars Burn as One"
    Historical Information
    Date Established25,053 BBY
    Date Fragmented1100 BBY
    Date Reorganized1000 BBY, Ruusan Reformation
    Date Dissolved19 BBY
    Date Restored4 ABY (as the New Galactic Republic)
  • Old Republic Era
  • Rise of the Empire Era
  • The Old Galactic Republic, mostly called the Galactic Republic, First Galactic Republic, or the Republic, was the ruling government of the galaxy that existed for more than 25 thousand years since the establishment of the first Galactic Empire in 19 BBY in Coruscant.

    Serving as a representative democracy, this government composed of various star systems, sectors, and planets throughout most of the known galaxy. Its central government consisted of three branches: legislative, executive and judicial. The first was the Galactic Senate, a body of elected or appointed representatives. Its main duties included mediating disputes over issues ranging from planetary to galactic-scale, regulating trade routes between star systems, and in theory, represented the interests of Republic citizens. The Office of the Supreme Chancellor was the Senate's executive counterpart. The Supreme Chancellor was elected from the ranks of the Senate by its members. As the leader of the Senate and the overall representative of the Republic, the Chancellor also held the titles Head of State and President. The judicial branch consisted of the Supreme Court and the lower Regional Courts. The Supreme Court was composed of twelve justices, one of whom held the leadership position of Chief Justice.

    Throughout most of its history as the dominant galactic power, the Republic did not style itself as a strong centralized government, but rather as a union of sovereign planets for the purposes of collective security and economic prosperity. It was said that its complete history could "fill a thousand libraries." In the last decades that preceded the rise of Emperor Palpatine's New Order, the Republic was a benevolent—though ineffectual—government tied up in layers of bureaucracy, hampered by political and corporate corruption.


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